UEB Rulebook

This is a glossary version of the rulebook that allows for automatic hyperlinking of the rules.

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Choose the method which retains the usual braille form.


Choose the method which best conveys the meaning. In particular, choose a method that avoids the need for capital indicators or terminators within natural subunits of an expression.

Note: In the examples below such subunits are the chemical element Br in KBr, the abbreviation Sc in BSc or the word Ontario in TVOntario.


Choose the method which gives consistency throughout a single title.


When in print an accented letter in a fully capitalised word is shown in lowercase, the lowercase representation may be ignored in braille, except when facsimile transcription is required. Such practice should be explained in a transcriber's note.



Despite wide use of different typeforms in print, it is not always necessary to indicate them when transcribing into braille. For example, print will commonly use a distinctive typeface for headings. This usage is generally ignored in braille where formatting will distinguish the headings from the rest of text. Also the print practice of italicising all variables in technical material is ignored.


Typeform indicators are considered necessary in braille when the print change in typeform is significant because it indicates emphasis or shows distinction, e.g. foreign words in English text, titles within text, subject headings on paragraphs, silent thought, computer input distinguished from computer output, or the class of a variable in mathematics.


When it cannot be determined whether or not a change of typeform is significant, indicate the change.


A typeform symbol indicator sets the designated typeform for the next letter or symbol.


When a typeform symbol indicator precedes a contraction, only the first letter is affected.


If any letter of a contraction other than the first is to be preceded by a typeform symbol indicator, the contraction is not used.

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