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Use the initial-letter contraction for "under" except when the letters it
represents are preceded by the vowels "a" or "o" and when the
letters "un" form a prefix.
Use the final-letter groupsign when the letters it represents follow a
letter, a contraction, a modified letter or a ligatured letter unless
other rules limit its use.
Do not use the final-letter groupsign when the letters it represents
follow a capitals indicator or a capitals terminator.
Do not use the final-letter groupsign for "ity" in the words: biscuity,
dacoity, fruity, hoity-toity and rabbity.
Do not use the final-letter groupsign for "ness" when the feminine
ending "ess" is added to a word ending in "en" or "in".
Use the shortform whenever the word it represents is "standing
alone", regardless of meaning or pronunciation, and regardless of
whether the word is used as an ordinary word or as a proper name.
Refer to: Section 2.6, Terminology and General Rules, for the
definition of "standing alone".
Use the shortform within a longer word provided that the longer word
is "standing alone” (including any affix with an apostrophe) and that
the longer word:
(a) appears on the Shortforms List given in Appendix 1; or
(b) satisfies the provisions of rule 10.9.3.
Note: Rule 10.9.2 encompasses words which are ordinary words,
proper names and artificial or contrived words.
Use any of the ten shortforms listed below within a longer word that
is not on the Shortforms List, provided the word is "standing alone"
(including any affix with an apostrophe) and that any restrictions for
the shortform are met.
Do not use a groupsign that would form part of the shortform.
Use a grade 1 symbol indicator before a letters-sequence that could
be read as a shortform when "standing alone", or which occurs at the
beginning of a longer letters-sequence.